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January 31 Notes.docx

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Angela Brkich

RELIGIOUS STUDIES Lectured Notes January 31 why is Gobind Singh so important? ● created khalsa ● closed the canon ● handed the guruship onto the granth and the panth why would narratives like the JANAM-SAKHIS (birth narratives) develop? - cause people don't just want to know the theology and rules, they want the human story behind the people who make it happen. *************************************************************** BREAK FOR PAPER LECTURING David Sulz, the Religious Studies librarian at Rutherford can help. Where to look for secondary sources? JSTOR, ATLA, etc. piles of translations of bible in the reference section of the library. read through the primary a few times. then find some introductory textbooks talking about this, wiki, etc, just to get the history feeling around the time it was written. this way, when you jump into the journals, you won't be missing the broader undertones. go to western tradition textbook. ie paul is author of corinthians, find out what you can about him. then go to library website. with christianity, judaism, islam, etc. go to ATLA Religion Database if you are doing eastern traditions, go to JSTOR SBL - society of biblical literature, this is a solid source if it is assumed that the text is written by god or by someone it isn't, feel free to mention that. paper is 6-8 pages. you can add a little extra. you must use the rubric for this assignment. *************************************************************** RETURN TO SIKHISM SACRED SCRIPTURES The 3rd Guru, Amar Das, began to collect the Sikh scriptures. - nanak, angad, even some non-sikh literature. including texts by other traditions suggests a tolerance and inclusiveness. this inclusion also lets us see what the sikh founders were themselves looking at when their religion was being developed. - came to be known as ADI GRANTH (original collection). also called GRANTH SAHIB (sacred collection). ADI GRANTH is primary scripture. 36 contributors span from 12-17C fairly long. all copies of this scripture are supposed to be identical. three sections: 1. introductory: litergical prayers 2. middle section: musical patterns (ragas) 3. epilogue you are supposed to LIVE these things. otehr sacred collections: DASAM GRANTH, attributed to the 10th guru. LITERATURE of BHAI GURDAS and BHAI NAND LAL GOYA - works of the gurus. lastly, a combination of three genres: JANAM-SAKHIS RAHIT-NAMAS GUR-BILAS THE KHALSA instated by Gobind Singh first five members who volunteered to join are called the FIVE CHERISHED ONES. or beloved ones. AMRIT ceremony initiated individuals into the Khalsa and are believed to be reborn in the house of Guru. Initiates received new names (Singh for boys, Kaur for girls). - new sense of identity, new sense of belonging. - this all followed an execution which was scaring members away. this kept things together. - after undergoing the AMRIT CEREMONY, these people were being reborn into a pure order, into the house of Guru. - khalsa spread rapidly THE GURU ESTABLISHED THE RAHIT, one of those three literatures in collection four of sacred works. RAHIT IS CODE OF CONDUCT: ● tobacco ● sexual misconduct ● eating animals that weren't killed with one blow ● something else.. - five mandatory outward symbols for the Khalsa called the 5Ks. KES, KANGHA, KIRPAN, KARA, KACHH all five of these are said to have a divine connection or symbol of a special relationship with the granth sahib. SIKH DOCTRINE for Sikhs, the answer is GOD. - we can surmise that htey are influenced by Islam in the area but we must also recognize that htey would have been influenced by Hinduism (nanak was a hindu poet). also the sant trandition. - singularity of the divine: unity between "AKAL PURAKH, THE ETERNAL ONE, the source as well as the goal of all that exists." - the first words in the ADI GRANTH are called: THE MUL MANTAR it is here that Guru Nanak expresses the nature of the ultimate reality. emphasizes singularity of the divine. argued for a whole unity between akal purakh, the eternal one, the source as well as the goal of all that exists." THE ONE ARE EXPRESSED THROUGH THE MANY guru's argued vehemently against any ANTHROPOMORPHIC conception of God. no gender either. GOD IS transcendent, non-incarnate, universal GOD, but also immanent (meaning always just right there, not in the past or future), partly embodied in teh divine name, and the scriptures, and all the persons of the guru. god is a whole lot of everywhere all the time. omniscient, formless, completely beyond all udnerstanding. but not impersonal. can only be known through personal experience, especially by using his name: NAM (remember this). this is his name that can be known and loved by people. his name is not differnet from god because it is an expression of all that he is. people who do this will be absorbed into gods being. they wil
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