RELIGIOUS STUDIES: EASTERN TRADITIONS
CONFLICT DUALISM EMERGES AS A RESULT OF
POWER INEQUALITY IN SOCIETY
Will the exam be cumulative? just eastern trads
Will the paper be in MLA? mla
How long is the term paper? 8-10 pages
Who will mark the papers? a mix
SEE HANDOUT ALONG WIH THESE NOTES.
one of the most important things to recognize about
THERE ARE MANY HINDUISMS, MANY TRADITIONS
P.30 OF TB:
WHILE SOME TEXTS AND SOME DEITIES ARE WIDELY ACCEPTED,
THERE IS NO SINGLE TEXT OR DEITY THAT ALL HINDUS
RECOGNIZE. Many trads with their own canon and concepts
of their deities. No guaranteed consistencies, no
linear developments, and no uniform way that hindus
related to one another. No united community, no central
HINDU DIFFERS FROM WESTERN TRADS:
NO HISTORICAL OR MYTHICAL FOUNDER
NO CENTRAL RELIGOUS AUTHORITIES MULTIPLE DEITIES
NO OVERARCHING DOCTRINE
HINDUISM as a term: it is not ancient, it was imposed
upon them from outside on the Indus Valley people, from
the word Sindu- ocean, referring to the Indus River.
origianlly the term was just there to seperate muslims
from non-muslims. Brittish continued using it to
represent everyone not muslim, christian, or jainist.
Today it is used very broadly still.
It is such a catch all term that you can't really
define hinduism because all hinduisms don't share any
one thing entirely in common.
Some groups treasure scriptures like the Vedas and some
groups don't value the scriptures at all.
Most hindus will talk about their caste, not their
The western category "religion" itself could not be
found in any of the Hindu literature. the closest thing
would be DHARMA. but that is interepreted and defined
differently by various "hindu" groups.
There are approximately 900 million Hindus in the
Nepal has 85-90% hindus and India has roughly 80%
- there is a great deal of debate about the "origins"
of Hinduism. It origina