Identify a question of interest: identifying a question of interest, scientist observe something of interest and as questions about it, an example: kitty genovese is murdered. Neighbours watched but failed to call the police until it was too late. Test: create an emergency in controlled setting, manipulate (control) the perceived number of bystanders, measure whether and how quickly each participant helps the victim. Step 4: findings: researchers analyze the information (data) they collect, draw tentative conclusions and. The hypothesis is supported: if data does not support the hypothesis, then revise the hypothesis or procedures and retest. Step 5: as evidence mounts, scientists may attempt to build theories, a theory is a set of formal statements that explain how and why certain events are related to one another. They are broader than hypotheses, and in psychology theories typically specify lawful relations btw certain behaviours and their causes: additional experiments support the hypothesis.