Learning: a change in an organism"s behaviour as a result of experience. Classical conditioning example of pavlov"s dogs, who had observed his presence with food, hence salivating at the sight of him at the expectation of food. Cc is a passive learning process where animals acquire reflexive behaviours through association. This type of learning is independent of stimuli. Key points: the type of learning is not voluntary, and the behaviour is reflexive (no active agency) It"s a form of learning the learner cannot prevent. Take some sort of stimulus and associate it with something that attracts. Learners will expect pretty people after the bottle. Two types of stimuli needed: stimulus that leads to involuntary natural response. Also, a different stimulus that does not elicit response. A change in behaviour as a result of the experience in the environment. Example salivation in response to bell, in dog"s case. **unconditioned is stronger in magnitude than the conditioned response.