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Lecture 9

PSYCO105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Dependent And Independent Variables, Test Anxiety, Job Performance


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCO105
Professor
Davina Rousell
Lecture
9

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PSYCO 105, Lecture 9, Sept. 29, 2016!
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-Factor analysis: A statistical technique that explains a larger number of correlations in
terms of a small number of underlying factors. Spearman used this method. (Organizing
concepts)!
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-If intelligence is a single, general ability, then there should be a very strong, positive
correlation between people's performances on all kinds of tests.!
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-Spearman's research was that he measured how children could discern small dierences
between colour, pitch, and weight.!
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-Two-factor Theory of Intelligence: Spearman's theory suggests that every task requires a
combination of a general ability and skills that are specific to the task.!
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-Thurstone noticed that scores of dierent measures were clustered.!
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-Top-down approach: Administer broad survey of human abilities, identify which abilities the
survey measures or failed to measure. It can reveal middle-level abilities not included in a
bottom-up approach.!
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-Crystalized intelligence: Accuracy and amount of information available for processing.!
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-Fluid intelligence: The ability to process information.!
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-Sternberg: He suered from test anxiety, and he criticized the IQ tests, saying that it
doesn't measure all types of intelligence. He felt tests weren't a fair measure of his
intelligence.!
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-Analytical, creative, and practical intelligence form the triarchic model. !
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-Prodigies: A person of normal intelligence who has an extraordinary ability.!
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