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Lecture 22

PSYCO105 Lecture 22: Nov.24 (Psychological Disorders)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCO105
Professor
Davina Rousell
Lecture
22

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PSYCO105, Lecture 22, Nov.24, 2016 (Psychological Disorders)!
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-Medical Model: The conceptualization of psychological disorders as diseases that, like
physical diseases, have biological causes, defined symptoms, and possible cures.!
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-Disease: Refers to some deviation from normal body functioning that has undesirable
consequences for the aected individual.!
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-People with mental health issues used to be feared, ridiculed, and treated as criminals.
They were punished, imprisoned, or put to death for deviating form the norm.!
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-Diagnosis: Determine nature of the patient's mental disease by assessing symptoms.!
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-Syndrome: A coherent cluster of symptoms usually due to a single cause.!
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-Symptoms: Behaviours, thoughts, and emotions suggestive of an underling syndrome.!
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-Nearly 50% of people will develop a mental illness.!
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-DSM-IV-TR (2000): A classification system that describes the features used to diagnose
each recognized mental disorder and indicate how the disorder can be distinguished from
other, similar problems. Disorders are classified as though it were a distinct illness.!
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-Psychological disorders exist along a continuum. There is no clear line of distinction.!
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-A disorder is manifested in symptoms that involve disturbances in behaviour, thoughts or
emotions.!
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