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Lecture

PSYCO 105 (09/26/13) Topic 3: Treatment of Psychological Disorders (con't)

5 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCO105
Professor
Eric Legge

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PSYCO 105 (September 26,2013)
Topic 3: Treatment of Psychological Disorders
There are three main categories of therapies:
o Behavioural
o Cognitive
o Behavioural and Cognitive
Behavioural Therapy
Individual’s feelings and emotion are not taken into account
Assumed disordered behaviour is learned and can therefore be fixed by enforcing and
encouraging more positive behaviour
o Token economies:
Good behaviour is rewarded with tokens that clients get to spend on
rewards
o Exposure Therapies
Client faces real-life emotion-arousing stimulus that causes undesired
behaviour repeatedly to decrease emotional response
o Systematic Desensitization
Client told to relax and imagine provoking/frightening situations of
increasing intensity
Less adverse reactions achieved
Cognitive Therapy
Distorted thinking about self, others, and world are identifies and corrected
o Through meaning of events and how they influence belief and assumptions
Technique: cognitive restructuring
o Clients told to question their beliefs and become more accepting of positive
and/or beliefs
Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies
Combination of above two therapies
Problem focused and action-oriented
o Problem identified and therapist works with client to select plan(s) of attack
o If it doesn’t work, a new strategy is chosen
Effective for anxiety and depressive disorders
Humanistic and Existential Therapies
Human nature = positive
Humans naturally want to improve themselves
Psych problems from:
o Loneliness
o Feeling of being alienated
Humanistic approach: loneliness and alienation from failure to reach full potential
Existential approach: loneliness and alienation from failure to find meaning of life
Person-Centered Therapy
Is humanistic in approach
Non-directive
o No advice/suggestions from the therapist… only support
(encouragement/shoulder to cry on/listening ear)
o You are the only person who can decide whether you have gotten better or not
3 Principles
o Congruence openness and honesty
o Empathy understanding
o Unconditional Positive Regard non-judgemental and accepting
Encourage person’s inward inclination for growth
Gestalt Therapy
Is existential in approach
Help make client aware of thoughts, feelings, behaviours, and experiences
o Make the client feel responsible for them
Therapist = warm and enthusiastic + coach
Focus on the “here-and-now”
Client to express feelings (let it out)
o “How do you feel after that?”
Group Therapy
Social interaction is effective for helping people overcome psych disorders
Types:
o Couples Therapy
Relationship difficulties can be great sources of stress
Changes in both parties

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Description
PSYCO 105 (September 26,2013) Topic 3: Treatment of Psychological Disorders  There are three main categories of therapies: o Behavioural o Cognitive o Behavioural and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy  Individual’s feelings and emotion are not taken into account  Assumed disordered behaviour is learned and can therefore be fixed by enforcing and encouraging more positive behaviour o Token economies:  Good behaviour is rewarded with tokens that clients get to spend on rewards o Exposure Therapies  Client faces real-life emotion-arousing stimulus that causes undesired behaviour repeatedly to decrease emotional response o Systematic Desensitization  Client told to relax and imagine provoking/frightening situations of increasing intensity  Less adverse reactions achieved Cognitive Therapy  Distorted thinking about self, others, and world are identifies and corrected o Through meaning of events and how they influence belief and assumptions  Technique: cognitive restructuring o Clients told to question their beliefs and become more accepting of positive and/or beliefs Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies  Combination of above two therapies  Problem focused and action-oriented o Problem identified and therapist works with client to select plan(s) of attack o If it doesn’t work, a new strategy is chosen  Effective for anxiety and depressive disorders Humanistic and Existential Therapies  Human nature = positive  Humans naturally want to improve themselves  Psych problems from: o Loneliness o Feeling of being alienated  Humanistic approach: loneliness and alienation from failure to reach full potential  Existential approach: loneliness and alienation from failure to find meaning of life Person-Centered Therapy  Is humanistic in approach  Non-directive o No advice/suggestions from the therapist… only support (encouragement/shoulder to cry on/listening ear) o You are the only person who can decide whether you have gotten better or not  3 Principles o Congruence – openness and honesty o Empathy – understanding o Unconditional Positive Regard – non-judgemental and accepting  Encourage person’s inward inclination for growth Gestalt Therapy  Is existential in approach  Help make client aware of thoughts, feelings, behaviours, and experiences o Make the client feel responsible for them  Therapist = warm and enthusiastic + coach  Focus on the “here-and-now”  Client to express feelings (let it out) o “How do you feel after that?” Group Therapy  Social interaction is effective for helping people overcome psych disorders  Types: o Couples Therapy  Relationship difficulties can be great sources of stress  Changes in both parties  Work out problems from miscommunication or misunderstandings o Family Therapy  Client is entire family  Everyone gets fair treatment in a non-judgemental atmosphere  Problem comes from whole family… not just a single person o Group Therapy  Useful for people with the same/similar problems  Therapist = discussion leader o Self-help/support Groups  Usually run by peers who have
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