RELIGIOUS STUDIES 200
Freud and Marx both offer functional definitions, they both offer solutions to it, and
both treat religion as a problem that needs to be extricated from society.
1856 - 1939 Austrian
KEY FREUDIAN CONCEPTS
Dreams - what they meant, what is their import?
- Freud thought they were very significant and telling.
- he noted that they showed up in myth, superstitions, folklore...
Freud claimed that many of our basic biological drives can be found in the
unconscious, because they are by nature 'gut reactions,' primal instinct. It is that
which sits beneath, and stays beneath. it can't really be articulated.
These base desires naturally filter down to the unconscious, but may bubble up to the
conscious once in a while.
WHAT IS PROBLEMATIC is not the natural desires that sit in the unconscious naturally
but the things that we REPRESS rather than letting it be expressed.
REPRESSION is the reaction to an event in one's life that is so traumatic that it
cannot be expressed openly. you forcibly forget it.
these things may emerge in weird behaviours, OCD, ticks, compulsions, obsessions, etc.
THESE BEHAVIOURS ARE CALLED NEUROSIS, or NEUROTIC BEHAVIOURS
freud did not think of htis as mental illness so much as "WISH FULFILLMENT"
things you can't have are replaced by these proxies which make us feel better.
these issues can't be treated by medicine but only through psychoanalysis.
Freud used free association to let people trace their way back to what they are
during the day we tend to be in control, but when we are asleep, the desires filter up
and express themselves as dreams.
FREUD SAW EVERYONE AS NEUROTIC, but some people are better at dealing with them than
ID: kill, eat, mate, repeat
SUPER-EGO: collected "moral" influences
EGO: the reality principle - the balancing act.
- oral stage (0-2 years old) safety
- anal stage (2-4 years old) control
- phallic (4-6 years old) sexual gratification
*then sexual latency kicks in, where kids are non-sexual and repressed until late
teens early adulthood when it is allowed to be expressed and your sexuality kicks in.
sometimes you can get stuck in one of these stages and become fixated on something.
FIXATION is expressed differently depending on the person. these fixations lead to
NEUROSIS. one of these neuroses is best articulated in the:
THE OEDIPUS COMPLEX
DISPLACE THE FATHER / MARRY THE MOTHER
- fear of castration (males)
- penis envy (females)
- he hates and respects