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Dr. Fairen - Religious Studies Theories and Methods 11

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Religious Studies
Glen Fairen

RELIGIOUS STUDIES 200 KARL MARX *see class notes for Monday's class (you had CJSR Fundrive show) BASE & SUPERSTRUCTURE BASE: material concerns: economics SUPERSTRUCTURE dictated by the base. - family, govt, art, philosophy, ethics, religion. not only arise from the economic base but are shaped by it. "the ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas" - these things are provided to give a palliative release from the tensions built up by the economic base (capitalism). sports, art, religion, etc. like the romans: give them bread and give them entertainment and the people will let you do what you want. - built around this notion of control: the rich staying rich and the poor staying poor - not conscious oppression by religion, we just naturally replicate these things because we are born into them and adapted to them - morality too comes into play. even though truths are projected as eternal and transhistorical, for marx they are about the now and reifying social relations as they are. - he called this IDEOLOGY marx's meaning for IDEOLOGY is different than the way we use it. for marx it is the output of the social relations which produce ideology. WHEN IDEOLOGY AND NEUROSIS SHOW UP ON A TEST, IT IS MEANT AS MARX'S DEF. AND FREUD'S DEF. respectively The thinkers are always servants of the rulers. Religion is illusion and an extreme example of "ideology" Docrines are irrelevant - religion is dependent only on the shape of the social life as determined by the material forces in control of it at any given time or place. - relig is no different than art or politics - in some instances it was the most extreme example of IDEOLOGY. its c
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