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Lecture 1

RELIG220 Lecture 1: RELIG 212 Ch. 1


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RELIG220
Professor
Mark Dickens
Lecture
1

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Chapter 1 Who Is This Man?
John 1:1-18
Early Christian belief in the pre-existence with God of Jesus through allusion to Genesis
Reference to Jewish heritage and lineage; shows connections to past (ie. Moses) while
remaining distinct (Jesus as the Messiah)
Note: John was the only disciple to die of natural causes
John the Baptist was sent to bring light to people but he himself was not the Light
Ad the Word as ade flesh, ad delt aog us… Jesus
Luke 1-2:14
Note: This gospel is a historical ad theologial aout of Jesus’ life ad iistr ased off
other sources)
Note: Peaeful gospel, ith atiit stor ad the lie: Father, forgie the, for the ko ot
hat the do.
Conception of John the Baptist and Jesus, Magnificat
Nativity story, the Messiah is born
Matthew 5-6
Note: narrates the life, ministry, death, and Resurrection of Jesus; references to Jewish heritage
Sermon on the Mount Our Father, Beatitudes
You are the light of the orld. A it set o a outai aot e hidde.
Forgive first, then come back to God; give alms in secret
Do not worry about anything (food and clothing), there is more to life than that for all people
Luke 10:21-37
Parable of the Good Samaritan
Show mercy to all despite tense relations and deep-rooted prejudice between Samaritans and
Jews
Portrays Jesus as an outlandish figure, who brings together the outcast (comment on social
systems)
Socrates
Alexander unified/hellenized (expanded the Greek influence to) many tribes in Persia,
Afghanistan, etc.
JUDAISM
Israelites the people who lived in Israel prior to the Babylonion exile
Jews people from Judea (connected to King David) who survived the exile to Babylon and the
capture by Persia, and the return to and restoration of Israel
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Babylonian captivity
After-life, judgment, and apocalypticism (e.g. writings that come after the Babylonian captivity)
GREEK INFLUENCE
Hellenism changed Judaism:
Alexander Hellenism (deliberately spreading Greek culture)
Diaspora a dispersion of Jews throughout the Mediterranean (outside of Israel)
Greek language Septuagint (Greek translation of the Old Testament)
Citizeship ekklesia, assel – hurh; eoes part of Christia traditios
Philosophy influence of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
Philo of Alexandria and Logos (divine action of God)
Ptolemies and Seleucids vs. Macabees (generals of Alexander who started dynasties in Egypt and
Syria; they occupied Israel at times, with opposition from the Macabees)
Alexandria and Antioch important cities in early Christianity and Roman empire
The world in which Jesus appeared was deeply permeated by Greek politics and social/religious ideas,
despite being Jewish
JEWISH PARTIES
Jeish la as etral to their religio; ipats Christiait; there are do’s ad do’ts to retain
religious/ethical purity
Sadducees a Jewish party of the temple who only believed in the Torah; they were in power in
Jerusalem
Pharisees party of the synagogue (local context); come into contact with Jesus; the pre-cursors
of what Judaism becomes after the destruction of the Temple
Essenes community of Qumran (Dead Sea Scrolls)
ROMAN RULE
Pluses civic development (building), generally peaceful (Pax Romana), relatively free trade
(worldwide); Roman law (safety)
Minuses subject to the whims of the empire (emperor), harsh Roman law
Mediterraea “ea = Nare Nostru Our “ea – united around this body of water; free flow of
trade and ideas
JEWISH INHERITANCE
The Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) quotations in the NT; reference to stories, characters, and
themes; template for NT (literary genres, etc.)
Allegorization of physical captivity, exodus and conquest, exile, diaspora and return
Strong monotheism
Role of prophets (speaking truth to power, especially injustice, siding with the weak)
Why do bad things happen to good people?
Synagogues as a template for church buildings (sense of community, place of worship)
Whih ritigs are i ad hih are out? – when trying to define which are sacred
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