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Lecture 2

RELIG220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Council Of Jerusalem, Jesus Movement, Epistle To The Philippians

Religious Studies
Course Code
Mark Dickens

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Chapter 2 Going Out into the World
James 2:14-24
Challenging hypocrites
Both faith and good works are necessary
Having faith in God does not make you a good person; involves the idea of Christianity involving
religion and morals
Philippians 1:27-2:11
Encouraging Christians to hold strong to their faith in the face of persecution or ridicule
Christ himself experienced the same struggles; struggling is essential
Love others as Christ did; through humility is true glory
Paul portrays himself as alive and passionate; he has a genuine concern for people affirming
his authority
The Church of Jerusalem
What as this e Jesus oeet?
How Jewish was it? How Gentile? initially very Jewish (Jesus and disciples were Jews; became
increasingly Gentile)
How should it be structured? including leadership
Church of Jerusalem, led by James
Attended Temple
Kept the Sabbath
Zealous for the law
Jesus and his disciples were all devout Jews
Role of the Law and circumcision? do Gentiles need to become Jews in order to
become Christian?
Apostolic Council ca. 50 CE (to discuss questions like the one above)
The Apostle Paul
Who was Saul of Tarsus and how does he fit into the picture?
What is the sigifiae of Paul’s fous o the Getiles?
What is the relationship of Christianity to Judaism during the late 1st century?
Paul, aka Saul of Tarsus
Roman citizen, raised as a Pharisee (part of both the Roman and Jewish worlds)
Persecuted Christians in Jerusalem and elsewhere
Damascus Road experience
Apostolic calling (but not like other apostles he did not know Jesus in his earthly life)
Complicated relationship with Judaism affirms the law but diligently explains that it is faith
that justifies people rather than the law
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