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Lecture 7

RELIG220 Lecture 7: RELIG 212 Ch. 6 Part 2

Religious Studies
Course Code
Mark Dickens

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Oct. 10
Discussion questions:
What was the Arian crisis all about? Why was it such a big deal? How was it resolved? What were the
Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon all about? Who are the main players and what are the main
issues/ideas at the councils?
Aiais: uestioig ho God is; hat is the “o’s elatioship ith the Fathe? Aius uestios
whether or not the Son is fully divine. Important discussion is Christ man or God; can God suffer? Will
people’s eliefs o this affet thei salatio? Resolution: Council of Nicaea denounces Arius as a
heretic; but the issue is not fully resolved
Ephesus: espodig to Nestoius, ho said Ma as ot othe of God
Chalcedon: responding to the issue of the nature/natures of Christ (relation of humanity/divinity)
Post-Nicee Developets Co’t
Recall, Arius favours homoiusion (Father and Son are of similar substance, but not the same)
Athanasius (ca. 295-373) deacon and secretary to Alexander of Alexandria and becomes
successor as bishop in 328
He was a strong proponent of homoousion (1 substance) at Nicaea
Multiple councils/synods and a dozen+ creeds (some are pro-Arian, some pro-Nicene, some
Rivalry between the East (pro-Arian) and the West (pro-Nicene)
341: Synod of Eastern bishops at Antioch deposed Athanasius (kick him out as a bishop)
342: Synod of Western bishops at Rome recognized Athanasius as bishop (reinstating
380 Christianity is declared official religion of the Roman Empire by Theodosius I
381 Theodosius I convenes the Second Ecumenical Council in Constantinople
Finished what the Council of Nicaea had begun
The Couil deoued all fos of Aiais ad soe othe heesies
This marks the end of Arianism outside German-speaking areas
Geai ties goths had been evangelized by an Arian missionary in the north
Constantinople is officially brought into the pentarchy as an apostolic city (5th member)
St. Andrew was the founder
Andrew was given credit because Peter and Andrew were brothers (Rome and
Constantinople founded by brothers brings up equality of the two cities)
Summary Arius and Nicaea
Arian controversy was all about the relationship between Christ (the Son) and God (the Father);
what thing(s) they have in common
Only one God + God was in Christ + God and Christ distinct = ?? (Not clear in the New
Testament what this meant; yet all of these statements were made at points in the NT)
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