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SOC100-Education.pdf

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC100
Professor
Bryan Sluggett
Semester
Fall

Description
Education Education has a significant impact on the socialization of a child. Sociological Imagination and Education If a community has a high dropout rate in high school, what are the sociological effects? ● Lower Livability (higher crime, poverty, lack of parks, health, stores, etc.) ● lower enrollment in postsecondary ● various personal troubles become public issues ● Reproduction of class system: would expect poverty to continue to be reproduced ● Likely reproduction of race/gender and mobility ● Strain theory: increase in crimes because people don’t have means to achieve capital and status ● Labelling Theory: People deemed dropouts, problem children, internalize this and decide they have no future Schecter’s view on Education ● Education = social order and control ● legitimizes social inequality, enforces codes of discipline (norms and sanctions), and enact hierarchical authority that place students and parents below the teacher Human Capital Thesis: relationship between the expansion of education and economic growth: as industrial societies invest in factories and equipment, they invest in schools to enhance knowledge and skills of their workers (little interest in mass education pre­industrialization) *Models of Public Education Assimilation: monoculturalism (promotion of one culture) ● Assumes that everyone in the country needs one cultural identity to unify around ● Dei and Calliste: focus on English literature in the classroom = monoculturalism in education today ● attempts to teach students to “fit into” one culture, hegemonic, promotes one culture over others ● Ex. Residential Schools ● Flaw = failed to recognize the racial bias and discrimination Multicultural: study and celebrate other cultures ● Assumes that: learning about one’s culture should improve educational achievement and equality of opportunity, plus learning about other cultures will reduce prejudice and discrimination ● Multiculturalism was implemented in 1971 by the federal government, the goal being to promote cultural diversity ● Flaws: tended to be learnt with a museum approach/ “exotic” aspects (ex. aboriginal dress, traditions, vs. values, current issues) over looks complexity and vitality of cultures; ignores racism; “apolitical” Anti­racism + Anti­oppression ● Henry and Tator argue that Multicultural education fails to acknowledge racism is system
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