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Lecture

Chapter_6

3 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC100
Professor
A L L

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CHAPTER 6: DEVIANCE Deviance is framed: shows how children learn to think of themselves as deviant and  bad (or not?) from the society around them. What is Deviance? ­ Behavior that strays from the norm o Not necessarily ‘bad’, ‘wrong’, ‘perverted’, ‘sick’, or ‘inferior’ o A category that changes with time, place, and culture. From Deviance to Crime ­ Deviance varies with degrees: o Folkways to serious infringements of laws. ­ Crime: o An act that violates criminal law and is punishable with fines, jail  terms, and other sanctions. The Power to Decide What is Deviant ­ Definitions of deviance often reflect power. Overt and Covert Characteristics of Deviance ­ Overt: o The actions or qualities taken as explicitly violating the cultural norm.  (On the surface) ­ Covert: o  The unstated qualities that might make a group a target for sanctions.  (What’s taking place underneath) Social Constructionism vs. Essentialism ­ Social Constructionism o Elements of social life – including deviance, gender, race, etc. – are  not natural but are established or created by society or culture. ­ Essentialism  o There is something ‘natural’, ‘true’, ‘universal’, and therefore  ‘objectively determined’ about these elements of social life. Contested Nature of Deviance ­ Conflict Deviance o  Is a disagreement among groups over whether or not something is  deviant.  • Ex. Same sex marriage Structural Functionalism on Deviance ­ Strain/Anomie Theory (Robert K. Merton) o Inequality – gap between wants and legitimate gains. o Strain is produced when social structure prevents people from  achieving culturally defined goal through legitimate means. o Anomie – condition characterized by a breakdown of norms and  personal disorganization, which may lead to crime. Merton’s Anomie Theory of Deviance ­ Robert K. Merton’s Deviance Typology Conflict Theorists on Deviance ­ Conflict Theory o Inequalities in society as the cause of deviant behavi
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