CHAPTER 5: SOCIAL ROLES, INTERACTION, AND
Statuses we hold and roles we perform
Integral part of our interactions with others and their interaction with us.
Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (1959)
o Dramaturgical Approach – methodology of life taking place on stage.
Front Stage for public display. (Mr. Bean)
Back Stage for personal encounters. (Rowan Atkinson)
o Impression Management – describes the tactics people employ when
presenting themselves publicly.
Status – recognized social position that a person occupies.
o Imposes responsibilities and expectations that establish the individuals
relationship top others.
Status set – collection of statuses people have.
Achieved & Ascribed Status
Achieved Status – status you were not born into, but entered at some stage in
your life (Choice) (Ex. Oprah)
Ascribed Status – status you were born into (Circumstances) (Ex. Prince
Degree to which status is achieved or ascribed depends on Social Mobility.
Everett C. Hughes
Master Status – dominates all other statuses and plays the greatest role in the
formation of social identity.
o In introductions: “So, what do you do?”
Occupation as master status
Howard Becker – Labeling Theory.
William I. Thomas (1966) – Symbolic Interactionist
Thomas Theorem – ‘Situations we define as real become real in their
Definition of the Situation
Successful interaction Definition of the Situation – given a particular situation, different individuals
will define the situation differently and in contradictory ways, based on their
own subjective experiences.
Introduction to Social Organization
Social organization involves the social and cultural principles around which
things are structured, ordered, and categorized.
The Study of Organizations
Weber’s work on bureaucracy, scien