Feb 5 – Theories
18 lecture questions
17 book questions
We should know the names of the theories (especially the names of theories talked
about in the text)
Know the 10 norms in the textbook chap 2
Go through the text multiple times
What is going on at the level of society?
Theory considers in what context is deviance:
To answer these questions, we must first look at what is going on at the level of
• The only way we can understand how people relate is to understand how we
got to the place that we are
• There are certain ways of being in the world that become the ruling
• The way we understand ourselves in the world is through these ideologies
• Neoliberalism isn’t a specific thing. It is a shorthand way to talk about
contemporary being and governance.
• These new ways of thinking and being in the world is shaped by the way in
which they are inserted and put in place (ex. We cant say thats neoliberalism
• The governance changes in each city. This change in idelogies applies to the
way we think, relate, and govern social problems.
• All of the things differ in the context in which they are inserted
Neoliberalism/ The Risk Society
3 elements 1.) Globalization ~ movement of traditionally stable and reliable jobs overseas
a.) What is left
• Low paying insecure jobs
• Without benefits
• Part time
• Working poverty
• Growing gap between rich and poor
• Child poverty
• Keynesian theory said we ought to govern and guide the people. He was a
welfare mentalist and wanted to intervene in order to adjust the market so
there are big crashes and depressions. He said we need to intervene
sometimes so that the market runs smooth.
• There has been a shift in neoliberal mentality and we think about governance
• When talking about neoliberalism, we need to talk about capital. In order for
capital to expand, we need to expand to different markets. Workers don't get
the full value of their labour.
• In order for capital to expand, we need more markets. If we don't get new
markets, it remains stagnant.
• By allowing capital to expand across borders, we get things like free trade
agreements (ex. NAFTA). These agreements are made to make capital easily
flow and move. • At the same time, we have capital and labour going to places where labour is
much cheaper. By allowing capital to move outside of say the US, into places
like china, where you have cheap labour, allows for more capital.
• The upshot of moving jobs to cheap places allows us to purchase items for