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Lecture 17

SOC271 Lecture 17: March 16- Chapter 13 (Lecture and textbook)

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University of Alberta
Robin Willey

Chapter 13 Lack of Support: Canadian Families and Disabilities Defining Disability Definitions are political o Create mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion, what is normal and abnormal o PALS considered people to have a disability if they reported difficulties with daily living activities, or who indicated that a physical or mental condition, or health problem reduced the kind or amount of activities that they could do Participations and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS) the most recent largescale survey to collect information on people in Canada whose everyday activities are limited due to a physical or mental health problem or illness Some early theoretical work: o Talcott Parsons Sick Role Role within structural functionalism where people who are disabled are permanently exempted, not expected to take part in society; liminal state o Erving Goffman and stigma o Victor Turners edgemen Characterizing people with mental illness; people able to break out of the normal bonds of society; transgress, push boundaries Ability, disability, and the defining of normal o Modernity as a normalizing force Michael Foucalt o Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason o Madness as the other to reason We live in a world where reason is the centre of everything anything that breaks from this is considered madness o Foucalt and the history of madness The Ship of Fools analogy Ship of fools is the idea that there is a boat of foolsmad men who float in and out of towns really liminal space Starts to change over time The closing of the leprosariums (c.14001600) and the invention of insanity Empty buildings and the rise of science idea to stick mad, criminal, disabled people into these old leprosariums With the accumulation of people, allows madness to be turned into an object of study invention of insanity, becomes a medical issue Visible and invisible disabilities visible disabilities are easily discerned by a second party, or, in other words, their barriers are visible; invisible disabilities are not apparent o A person may have both visible and invisible disabilities o Permanent, temporary, and relapsing disability Temporarily abled bodied the notion that anybody may become disabled at any time o Age disables us all o Unlike other identity categories, the line between disabled and not disabled is constantly in flux particularly the case in aging societies
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