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Lecture 33

ANTH 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 33: Terra Nullius, Industrial Revolution, Postcolonialism


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 203
Professor
Naotaka Hayashi
Lecture
33

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The scramble for Africa
In a sense, anthropology was a product of colonialism
Today's social/cultural change has a lot to do with colonialism and post-colonialism
Age of Exploration
Vasco du Guma - 1998
Magellan - 1522
A form of european expansion
Merchantilism (1500 - late 1800) -> imperialism (19th - mid 20th c.)
Explorers
Missionaries
Traders
settlers
Transoceanic voyaging technology
The extraction of tribute and resources
Trading and plundering
Very little of Africa and Asia was colonized
Large numbers of europeans immigrated
Transmission of diseases
Destructive in the Americas
Merchantilism
Produce weapons
Demand for raw materials
Systematic undermining of the colonized ways of life
Political dominatino
The industrial revolution
State
Administrators
Troops
Imperialism
Joint stock companies
Monoculture plantation
Colonies of settlement
Colonies of exploitation
Two types of colonies
Justification of colonization by the european powers
Idea that before the arrival of the europeans, the land had been owned by nobody
If a settlervarrived in a new territory, they could acquire the right to occupy and administer
it
Terra nullius
Was divded up by the europen colonial empires after the Berlin Conference of 1884
Changed local economic and political systems
Scamble for Africa
To force colonial subjects into the market system
Produce something that colonizers wanted to buy
Less time to raise crops for their own consumption
Had to purchase food and goods from the market that colonist companies dominated
To raise money for taxes, coloniual subjects:
Making colonies profitable
Two easy ways to accumulate wealth
Colonialism
Wednesday, March 30, 2016
8:55 AM
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