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ANTH 331 (25)
Tania Saj (23)
Lecture

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 331
Professor
Tania Saj
Semester
Fall

Description
Movie: The End of Men - don’t have to examine masculinity because it is the generic form - what a “man” is has been remarkably constant- brave, loyal, etc. - a man is the provider and protector of his fam - being a provider was the index of measuring your manliness- it trumped all other goals- to fail in this is to fail in life - to lose ones job is to lose your masculinity - wallstreet worker- bank closed his division and lost his job- he didn’t tell his wife right away, felt numb - crash happened hard times for men happened dreams dyin - industrial hardland is another time when dreams crashed o Slipped into extinction o Auto industry died o Used to be that just need diploma o Challenges men faced used to seem remote in the industrial hardland- middle class man now a days has much more in common o Period of time that if you got a degree you would have a job- wasn’t true 100 years ago and isn’t as true today - To be a man means to have control o Thus they should be privileged and get certain advantages - Men fear not being real men even today - Rise of female worker was at its peak in 2010- crossed the 50% threshold- became majority of workforce o If men are not better than women, then who are they? So much of their masculinity is not being female - the structure of a mans job becomes the structure of his life- without it he is lost… - economic collapse could not have come at a worse time (2008)- many men accumulated lots of debt to reach a certain standard- what once came easily to their parents was now not o 50’s model was unattainable o costs are great, level of consumption is increasing, and to maintain this requires a sea of borrowed money o 6 billion credit card applications were sent out last year o exploded in 2008 o recession destroyed middle class family dreams- caused many divorces o married men who get fired have a higher chance of divorce o affects couples who don’t support each other well most (typical males are supposed to be self sufficient and so this can disrupt order) - a mans job brings him prestige and respect, if this changes it can affect his self esteem and affect how his wife/partner sees him - men are ultimately betrayed by the model of masculinity that they swallowed o foolish enough to buy into this picture o “just be a man and get a job” - men feel like they are letting their whole family down when they can’t maintain a good paying job o men as protector and provider o the man feels as if he is not a man anymore o women in the same position feel bad, but don’t feel like less than a woman - value of being home with family is important, more important to some than having a consuming job - mens embrace of fatherhood is one of the most significant developments to occur as of late - in the past, role of father was to provide financial security – psychologically and often psychically not present - push came from outside for men to become more involved fathers, but since has been embraced - new kinds of relationships btw men and their work/family/selves - for centuries, the question “what is it to be a man” was always easily answered- no longer o shaken by wave of economic and social change o leaving men with the task of discovering a new sort of manhood and a new definition of masculinity o what does future man look like? – less polarization- equality- more realistic and true to self! - what has been gained? o In the end, the eco crisis has brought things to a boil and now a close- old archetypes of masculinity are giving way o Not everyone believes the old masculine virtues are obsolete tho o Some traditional masculine traits are positive, and should be kept (protecting those we love, strength, etc.) o Some say it is now “the woman’s time”… tho cant have society where women are prospering and men floundering- must maintain equality - old defintions of masculinity are bad for women, childrenAND men themselves Movie in weird Room-Asante Market Women - Asante – in Ghana - Women in groups with a queen mother- Oba - Tomato section and Yam wholesale area- Yam’s are crucial in their diet so this area is very important - Queen mother is headwoman- she has all say and keeps everything under control and running well - Plantain section is growing fast as well - Queen mothers authority depends on how they got that position- some get their position from courting important men- some are elected - Delegates price fixing to elder members of the group - Prices are higher and bargaining fiercer for produce that is not produced in that area- such as tomatoes - Can be overthrown- can use political influence to maintain position as queen mother- equilibrium - “if there was no queen mother there would be chaos” – queen mother - only women buying and selling- “men buy gunpowder not vegetables” - “if one day your husband dies, you can look after your children still” - matriarchal society- inherited from mothers o this means if a husband dies, his property goes not to his wife but his sisters family! Matriarchy - during the funeral they make business and political contacts, but also enjoy the celebration - in every village there is a queen mother who elects the village chief - most men have little power and can gain status with child bearing or age - Asante women live separately from their husbands - Polygamy- useful for Asante people- “if things go wrong with one wife, youre in trouble” o Also menstruating women can not cook for their families- need more than one wife o One wife can watch children and others can go to market, etc. - not romantic love- marriage is practical - most important relationship for a women is with her children and her mother - wives inevitably fight, husband judges the case- or find an elder to give input and stop wives from fighting- husbands get outside perspective to stop wives from thinking he is picking sides o whoever is found guilty has to pay a fine- eggs perhaps - “youre husband is not from your family- like a crash of two trains- cant push your ideas on him- polygamy is wrong but what can us women do?” - most marriages are not happy so women do not care too much when their husbands get another wife - some men pay compensation to their wives in order to get a new wife- then the wives don’t have reason to complain - some husbands rotate who they sleep with, with some it is random - some men deny their children- seems like lots of dead beat dads - women often working 12 hours a day with their babies on their backs - “a market is not really a place for a man”- the only male worker – his grandma was the queen mother thus his job o he is the secretary of the tomato association o he deals with the men laborers in this section - really the only job these women can get is working at the markets- it is not prestigious- they do not have any schooling behind them o the money they make is just enough to provide for their families - women present a united front when going into the villages to sell - 60% of Asante’s are now Christian - rituals are still present though- like the one shown to welcome the wife of the American Vice Presid
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