ANTH435 - Lectures
Week 2 - January 14, 2014!
Course logistics Read articles by January 28
Human’s place in Aristotle;!
nature The great chain of being
Least complex/perfect/soul to most complex/perfect/soul;!
Static, no evolution;!
Scala Natura, the Humans are the most perfect being on Earth;!
classic view There is a hierarchy within a species;!
Until 200-300 years ago, there was no change to the scala natura;!
Now, the scala is more dynamic due to philosophy of change (ex.
catastrophism, uniformitarism, etc.).
100 years before Darwin;!
Attributed to Lamarck (Lamarckism);!
Inheritance of Acquired characters - the organism/individual changes in response to the
acquired environment. The classic example of the giraffe.!
characters or “Inner need”;!
Lamarckism The use and disuse of characters;!
Fluids and forces cause changes, changes are directed by the
Supported by French revolutionaries and the Soviets (Lysenkoism);!
Opposed to mendalian genetic;!
Lamarckism in a The Soviets supported it because of the winter wheat (big controversy)
political context and because of the cold war context (against the western countries);!
Paul Kammerer - midwife toad case;!
S. Saunders rumor of being a Lamarckist, but she is just wondering what
makes Lamarckism appealing. ANTH435 - Lectures
Jean-Baptiste Accepted that use and disuse of characters shaped an organism;!