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Coms 201 → Chapter Ten.docx

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Department
Communications Studies
Course
COMS 201
Professor
Dawn Johnson
Semester
Winter

Description
Coms 201  ▯ Chapter 10 Standpoint Theory ▯ • Traces how distinct social groups within a society shape members’  experiences/knowledge/ interaction • Focus: Social groups/not individuals • Ethnic/gender/racial/religious groups Communication and Culture  ▯ • Culture is experienced differently by every member • Your culture directly affects how you communicate, your perspective and values (eye  contact/interruption etc.) • Example: In Korea, more emphasis on family and individuality is selfish • There is no single perspective of social life  • Doesn’t take in consideration determinism  Critical Race Theory ▯ • How laws and legal institutions have constructed race Race is socially constructed Standpoint  ▯ • Arises out of the social, material and symbolic conditions that influence our experience • Not something you’re born with (achievement) • Different standpoints = different perspectives of self + others + social life Situated Knowledges ▯ • Knowledge is sustained in social circumstances • Social location shapes perceiving/experiencing/knowing • Maternal instinct: Natural motherly ways • Maternal Thinking: Something we learn • There isn’t one knowledge (plurality) • All ways of knowing are significant  People in lower hierarchies have a more accurate view of social life Why? (Accuracy/completion of standpoint) 1. More motivated to understand the perspectives of the higher group For survival and development of material comforts 2. Don’t try to maintain the status quo It’s easier for a more powerful group to keep inequity if they don’t see how it’s harming the  lower group • Higher up ▯  no need to change the status quo because they have power Outsider Within  ▯ Most full epistemological position  • Inside a certain group because of daily activities, but not “one of them” • They can see the group in a way they cannot see themselves  Suggests ▯ 1. All people in the same racial/socioeconomic diversity experience things in the same way 2. People who are of the ethnic majority are the most powerful and least thorough of a  standpoint (but this doesn’t actually stop them from understanding and trying to make  change)
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