Sonnet: from italian sonnetto (little sound or song, 14 iambic pentameter lines, usually 1 speaker expressing love/admiration and/or reflecting on his feelings, developed in late middle ages but has endured, popularized by petrarch. Italian poet father of renaissance : collection, canzoniere , adopted by english poets in 16th century brought to england by sir thomas wyatt and earl of. Introduced the rhyming couplet at the end: appear alone at the end as pithy epigrams, or in lengthy sequences, also called heroic couplets in iambic pentameter. Cde cde or cdcdcd sestet (next 6 lines) 3 quatrains (grouping of 4 lines, in traditional ballad) and 1 rhyming couplet. Invention of printing press in mid 15th century by gutenberg: era after middle ages 1400 1650, revival of classic literature, scholarly activity and art, rise of individualism, copernican revolutions, discovered new world . Blazon: popularized by petrarch: common in renaissance love poetry, speaker enumerates/celebrates virtues of his beloved, mostly physical.