Agricultural Technology

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Department
Greek and Roman Studies
Course
GRST 321
Professor
John William Humphrey
Semester
Winter

Description
Agricultural Technology and Food ● Agriculture in general ○ In  Egypt,  most  agriculture  around  the  mouth  of  the  Nile  river  due  to  annual flooding. Most  evidence  for early  evolution  of agriculture comes from Egyptian hieroglyphs  within  tombs,  showing  early  uses  of  seeing  and  domesticated animals to assist with farming techniques. ○ Agriculture allows for civilizations to have a surplus of food and resources. This allows for  people  to not have  to dedicate  their lives to the acquisition of food, which gives more time for people to expand their realms of thought. ○ Ancients worshiped gods of fertility in hope that this would encourage nature to provide them with more bountiful agriculture. ● Cultivation of Plants ■ Wheat ● Bread, porridge, gruel, beer ● Big part of mediterranean diet. ■ Grapes ● Large part of roman and greek diet for wine. ● Watered wine was beverage of choice for everyone, never really drank without watering it down first. ● Made use of trellising to grow their grapes and make wine. ■ Olives ● Very important for all purposes. ● Olive oil for lighting lamps ● Food ■ Palm trees ● Harvested for dates. ● Dates fermented into alcoholic beverage (bad hangover) ● Leaves for roofs and shade ● Trunk used for construction ■ Papyrus plant ● Used for written records on Egypt, very abundant there. ● Soaked and pounded together for paper. ○ Terraced fields ■ Smal
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