Military Technology

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Greek and Roman Studies
Course Code
GRST 321
John William Humphrey

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Military Technology ● Warfare was mostly done by the upper classes. ○ One on one combat, no hordes of poorly­armed peasants. ○ Called Hoplites. ■ Well outfitted, but low in numbers. ● Challenge to Greek military power came from Macedonia. ○ Created Macedonian phalanx. ■ Made use of peasants with shields and long stabbing spear (sarissa) ■ Sarissa ● 13­21 feet long ● Ineffective for close range combat. ■ Army purpose is to walk forward and pin enemies in, while maintaining phalanx shape. ● Roman warpower ○ Partial to hand­to­hand combat. ○ Use of gladius (short, for stabbing, thrusting and stabbing). ○ Also carry a pil
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