GRST 321 Lecture Notes - Sarissa

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MilitaryTechnology
● Warfarewasmostlydonebytheupperclasses.
○ Oneononecombat,nohordesofpoorlyarmedpeasants.
○ CalledHoplites.
■ Welloutfitted,butlowinnumbers.
● ChallengetoGreekmilitarypowercamefromMacedonia.
○ CreatedMacedonianphalanx.
■ Madeuseofpeasantswithshieldsandlongstabbingspear(sarissa)
■ Sarissa
● 1321feetlong
● Ineffectiveforcloserangecombat.
■ Armypurposeistowalkforwardandpinenemiesin,whilemaintaining
phalanxshape.
● Romanwarpower
○ Partialtohandtohandcombat.
○ Useofgladius(short,forstabbing,thrustingandstabbing).
○ Alsocarryapilum(shortspear,forthrowing).
○ Woreplumeonironhelmettoincreaseapparentheight.
Types
● Cavalry
○ Fortheupperclass,duetocostsofhavingahorse.
● Chariots
○ Variouskinds,somemorearmored.
○ Scythedwarchariot
■ Bladeattachedtothehubsuchthatitspunwiththewheel.
■ Chariotcanbedrivenintoenemyinfantrytocutofflegs.
● Navies
○ Warships
■ Long,narrow,haveoarsforfightingandsailsforlongtravel.
■ Rambow
○ Bireme2rowsofoarsmen.
○ Trireme3decksofoarsmen
● Fortifications
○ AthensandRomebothfoundedontopoflargemountains.(Citadels)
■ Bothhadlargewallfortifications
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