Class Notes (839,087)
Canada (511,185)
History (165)
HTST 489 (27)
Lecture

Nov 6.pdf

3 Pages
117 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HTST 489
Professor
John Ferris

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
HTST489 Nov 6 th Last day: political warfare in the 1500s. Form of political warfare that you might not think of – the catholic powers efforts to sustain catholicism in england, effort of english state to control catholicism and convert catholics into anglicans. Catholic powers include the Vatican and Spain. From our perspective, for gov to attempt to control or eliminate a religion seems a bad thing. But in this period of the 1500s, the religion you choose has a direct political impact. States as a general rule say that people can only practice the religion of the state itself. Struggle between Spain & The Vatican against the English state. In middle 1500s, England becomes dominated by people who want to maintain the Anglican faith, against majority catholic population. Elizabeth attempts to be as tolerant towards individual catholics as she can while still coaxing them to abandon catholicism and join theAnglican faith. Elizabeth aims to contain Catholics politically while still allowing some freedom. On top of this is coercion – although not impossible to attend catholic ceremonies, it becomes more difficult – find people who don't attend anglican services. Constant monitoring, maintenance of spies between catholics in england to make sure they can't mount an assasssination attempt/destablize rule. If you enter the anglican union you can do everything you did as a catholic except you have to break with Rome. Catholic church and Hapsburg Spain. Train English Catholics in Europe so they can be sent back to England in secret. Priest holes – secret areas on a property where one can hold Catholic ceremonies. Hapsburgs want to keep influence among English catholic elite/nobility as they're easier to reach and if you maintain influence among them, in a deeply patriachical culture you can hope to keep catholicism afloat in substantial portions of territories. If Elizabeth is dead, her legitimate heir is Mary Queen of Scots (a catholic), and England could be brought back into the Catholic fold. Hence the risk of assassination.Atttitudes toward religion are like attitudes toward politics, one of the few periods before modern times where states try to shape the ideology of normal people. Historically rare before the 19 century to find governments using their coercive capabilities to change people's faith. Seeing an underground secret organization mounted by catholic powers to maintain catholicism in england – clear as time goes by that in England you see a decrease in support for Catholicism and a rise inAnglicanism or other Protestant sects. When Elizabeth dies in 1604, catholics remain a large fraction of the population (though not the majority). When succeeded by a protestant, the last attempt at assassination is conducted – Guy Fawkes Day! Gain access to the tunnel access beneath the house of commons and fill it with gunpowder in an attempt to slay the entire english elite. Shaping or maintaining the loyalties of the elite and the common people, and in the long run Elizabeth's regime succeeds in its aim. High Politics In the 1580s, the Hapsburgs, with support from the Vatican, seek to use military force to win the counter reformation. Dilmma the Spanish confront is going against 3 powers at once – in the Netherlands, England (which is neutral in the early 1580s although substantial numbers within the state support the Dutch), and France. In 1570s there'd been a continuation of a decade old war between France and Spain.As time wears on, France falls into civil war. Hugenots led by Henri de Lavar. Another faction centered on the French royal family.And one associated with the guise, the catholic nobles. Spain can back one faction against another and keep France neutralized. In early and middle 1580s, primarily driven by military power and diplomacy, the Spanish are maintaining a substantial army in present-day Belgium. In order to supply this army, the Spanish are confronting complex logistical problems. In order to supply those in Belgium, the Spaniards have to move men from Spain to Italy, march them through theAlps to Germany, then up the Rhine into the Netherlands. The Turks are a problem, as always, have to deal with them before all else. Prolonged war in netherlands at the end of a costly supply line. Dutch build reasonably effective force, war their ends up hinging on seiging walled cities – slow work. Spain has to think of how to deal with the English in the face of all this. Spain slowly turns toward covert actions. In 1584, the leader of the Dutch resistance, William the Silent, is assassinated by a Catholic. Doesn't shatter the stability of the Dutch state, but does weaken it – likely masterminded by the Spanish. Around this time, the Spanish ambassador in London is involved with a plot w
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit