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LWSO 203 - Criminal Law - Offences-1.docx

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Law and Society
LWSO 203
Marywyatt Sindlinger

Criminal Code of Canada Assault Provisions Parties: Crown (the state on behalf of all citizens) Accused or Defendant (person accused of crime) Offender (someone convicted of a crime) Joint trial (group of criminals share one trial) Severed trial (a criminal group is split up and each has a trial) -no accused can be compelled to testify in a trial against themselves so they can testify against one another if they’re split up 3 types of offenses: A) summary conviction offenses -less serious offenses -max penalty: 6 months in jail and/or a fine of $2000 ex. Disturbances, indecent acts Timeline: I) you get caught II) Appearance notice III) Attend court, name called, and an information (I have reasonable grounds to believe that the accused has committed this offense) is laid IV) Sworn before judge V) Accused can plead or ask for an adjurnment VI) You can adjurn and seek legal counsel, plead guilty and be sentenced (generally done right in court), or plead not guilty and set a trial date VII) Sometimes if guilty plea is received, Pre Sentencing Report can be requested which involves background information on accused ie. Psychiatric analysis, substance abuse VIII) If plea is not guilty, they go to provincial inferior court in front of 1 judge and no jury. Crown must prove guilty beyond reasonable doubt IX) “Voir Dire” Hear say- mini trial withing a trial. Purpose: determines if certain evidence is admissible in a trial X) Judge determines guilty or not guilty XI) Appeal- goes to provincial superior court (Court of Queen’s Bench) Indictable Offenses: Most serious offenses in the criminal court Ex. Robbery, murder Max sentences: life in prison, any monetary amount Procedure: a) Put in Remand Center st b) 1 appearance (Bail Hearing): bail judge or inferior court judge determines whether andused can be released on bail c) 2 appearance (Election): accused decides between inferior court or superior court I) inferior: no juries, 1 judge, follows same procedure as summary conviction offense -exception: if appealed, goes to provincial superior court II) superior court: judges from a variety of backgrounds, has choice b/w judge or judge & jury -option of having preliminry inquiry (takes place in inferior court, crown presents enough evidence to prove there is a prima facis case against them) -tests validity of evidence -testimony gathered can be used at trial -if there isnt enough evidence, accused can put forth motion to dismiss d) Trial: evidence put forth, formal plea, motions of the trial, voir dire, -If jury present, court must instruct/charge jury (what are the elements of case, evidentiary review, possibly charges, intructions to jury) e) Jury Deliberation- private deliberation f) Jury makes decision: -not guilty (free to go) - Guilty: jury released (they do not sentence), judges sentences (not usually same day) e) Appeals: Provincial Court of Appeal -accused can change their plea at any time Hybrid Offenses: Either a indictable or summary conviction offense (can go either way) Crown decides which type of offense it will be A) 1 appearance: charge is read to accused, crown decides which way to proceed I) Factors which Crown considers: -seriousness of offence - accused’s criminal history -damages to victim, harm caused -cost involved (e.g. theft) Section 553 Criminal Code: -Least serious Indictable Offenses ex. Property offenses >$5000 -no election, held in inferior court Section 469 Criminal Code: -Most Serious Indictable offenses ex. Murder, hijacking -Must be held in superior court with a trial -Unless approved to be changed Actus Rayus and Mens Raya: Actus Rayus: wrongful act which renders the actor criminally liable if combined with the required mental element -must be a voluntary act - can be an ommission/ failure to act ex. Failure to provide the nescessities of life -criminal thoughts alone are not punishable, must have accompaniying act Criminal offenses have 2 parts: 1) Physical Element (Actus Rayus) : an action is done 2) Mental Element: intent to do wrongful act 265. (1) A person commits an assault when o (a) without the consent of another person, he applies force int
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