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LWSO 203 Lecture Notes - Suspended Sentence, Anger Management

Law and Society
Course Code
LWSO 203
Marywyatt Sindlinger

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Why is punishment justified:
Retribution: an eye for an eye type of punishment, you need to pay for what you’ve
Ex: corporal punishment, imprisonment, capital punishment
Rehabilitation: we impose consequences to hopefully discourage people from
repeating bad behavior
-prosecution is done on behalf of the citizen
Sec. 43 Criminal Code
-Reasonable force for parents disciplining children
-teachers are limited but are permitted to use force to restrain a child which is
endangering another
Sec.718 Criminal Code:
*Google criminal code of Canada and read
Principles of Sentencing:
The sentence must be proportionate to:
a) gravity of offence
b) responsibility of offender
-factors such as addictions, past offenses, age, past abuse
-Glendue Factors
Objectives of Sentencing:
a) Denunciation: shows to the community how serious they consider an offence
and the statement the court needs to make to the community
b) Specific Deterrence: factors for the specific offender to teach them a
lesson/prevent them from recommitting an offence
c) General deterrence: things such as long prison sentences which deters the
public from committing a crime
d) Incapacitation: prevents people from committing crimes by removing them
from society
-put them in jail -kill them -exile
e) Rehabilitation: sentences can and should be crafted to address the
underlying context and causes of a crime
f) Reparations to indiv/community: direct repayment through money, fines,
community service etc.
g) Promote a sense of responsibility in the offender for harm done
Death Penalty:
-men and people of color are more often subject to the death penalty
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