PHIL 249 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Mother Teresa, Egotism, Relativism

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4 Feb 2016
Department
Course
Professor
Philosophy 249 – Morality, Virtue and Society
Week 1 - Introduction
Papers: Friday, February 12 and Friday, April 8
Glossaries: A glossary of new philosophical terms learned in class along with
a brief de)nitions to be written by the student. Turned in on the last Friday of
every month.
oTaberlerasa? A theory about innate knowledge
oAbout 20 words from lecture notes and readings through email
oTerms for arguments, names and positions and
Mid-Term Exam: Friday, February 26, 2016
Intro to Philosophy
Monday, January 11, 2016
Notes on d2l
Intro to Ethical Theory
Wednesday, January 13, 2016
Notes, Text intro, pp.1-5
A theory is an explanation
Theory of the Good: Whatever thing in the world that makes actions morally
good or bad
oGenerally a property, people have goodness or badness
oWhat kinds of good constitute the good?
oGoodness is a matter of pleasure
oWhat makes something good is outside the realm of nature. Mother
Theresa ex.
Theory of Right:
oActions are right
oRightness is the moral property of action
oRule and right theory
oDeontology: Systems of Rights + Rules
The right action is one that conforms to the rights in deontology
The legal system is in deontic system
Leviticus rules
oConsequentialist:
Comparative consequences
Considers what will happen in the future
Example – punishment for consequences to help the future
o
The di<erence between right and good:
oRightness is a moral property and goodness is …
oWhat’s right to do is where the goodness lies but somethings rightness
does not tract the good. Sadistic bigot example.
Egoism/ Sentimentalism
Things that people desire, go to are good.
A foil: A possible explanation shown to be bad to help explain another theory?
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