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Lecture 8

Lecture 8 Applied Definitions.docx

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PHIL 275
Yoshiki Kobasigawa

Sept 24 , 2013 Lexical: The definition explains the way competent users of the word use it in its standard manner. Non-lexical: Stipulative definition: Explaining a new use to the term. The person is explaining an informal (and therefore non-standards) use of the word. E.g. - explaining slang: where the slang term has a standard use. Ex: ‘Tight’ means cool. ‘Bad’ (when said the way Micheal Jackson says it) means good, while the lexical definition would mean it is undesired or lacking approval. The stipulative definition of ‘word’ means ‘well stated’ or ‘you’re so right’ whereas the lexical definition of ‘word’ means a symbol that serves as a constituant of sentences. Lexical ‘make inu’ are two words meaning defeated in dog, but the stipulative definition of ‘make inu’ means someone in their 30s who has never been married. Precising definition: Defines terms that in their standard use are normally vague. Vague terms have a large penumbra of uncertainty. In the penumbra of uncertainty, there will be cases where it is not clear whether the term applies or not. They aim at reducing the vagueness tha
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