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Tuesday, November 5th .docx

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University of Calgary
Political Science
POLI 201
Jay Makarenko

POLI 201 Electoral System SMP: Single Member Constituencies Institution | Description Electoral Based on geographical boundaries (small local constituencies). Districts Similar number of voters in each electoral district Single Member One person is elected for each electoral district. Calculating Winner Overview - Candidate with most votes becomes representative for that electoral district. - Does not need majority of votes. Hypothetical Riding: 20,000 total votes Con: 5,001 NDP: 5,000 Liberal: 5,000 Green: 3,000 IND: 1,999 Who wins? Conservative candidate Why do they win? Won one more vote then nearest competitor Wide Support? No – only 17% SMPand Majority Governments SMP tends to produce majority governments, in which one party wins a majority of the seats in the House. - Over-rewards major parties: large parties can win seats simply because they have more votes in a riding than other parties. - Under-rewards minority parties: smaller parties struggle to get more votes than major parties in a riding – as such will not win a seat, even though they have moderate support. 2011 Federal Election Party Percent Vote Percent Seats Conservative 40 54 NDP 31 33 Liberals 19 11 Bloc 06 1.0 Green 04 0.3 Supporters of SMP - Majority Government = Stable Government: Prime Minister/Cabinet is very secure in the exercise of power
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