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Lecture 9

POLI LECTURE 9 - Feb 11.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 279
Professor
Mark Baron
Semester
Winter

Description
02/11/2014 3. Decline of the Imperial Powers Great Depression Protectionism and the breakdown of international trade Stock market crash eliminates wealth that had previously exited, around the world. Consequences High levels of poverty and unemployment Raises questions about the efficacy of the unregulated capitalist market. Cost of WW II Infrastructure damage Transportation Energy Factories Schools and hospitals Shipyards and airports Homelessness. Not only you have high rates of infrastructure damage but you also have a whole numbers  of soldiers that come back and have no place to live.  Unemployment. Soldiers have no where to work, factories are destroyed, everything is. Refugee crisis Food crises Breakdown of agriculture system. Starvation Adverse weather conditions Liquidity crisis (European) states emerge form the war financially spent heavily indebted.  Legitimacy crisis.  4. United Nations Trusteeship Council. A number of states third world coming up with this granting if independence and it  makes the UN recognize the right of self­determination. Declaration on the Granting of independence to colonial countries and Peoples (1960) Right of the peoples to national self­determination Special Committee on Decolonization (1962) 5. Cold War American and Soviet opposition to imperialism American­Soviet competition with remaining imperial powers Soviet­American intervention in civil wars Support to national liberation movements Soviet­American geopolitical rivalry over access to newly independent states. They want access so they  have to support decolonization so they have the access to the developing world that they want. 6. National Liberation Struggles. No longer their interest to hold onto states so they voluntarily let go of  them and grant them self­determination but there were some that don’t want to give them up. Example its  France with Algeria and Indochina so groups within this colonial societies are formed seeking liberation and  decolonization. They are willing to use force to achieve their goal so the imperial powers are forced to do as  they said.  MODERNIZATION THEORY Liberal approach to development. When we speak about modernization largely its extremely bias to favour  the west.  Focuses on development of societies in the Global South. Largely on the basis of critical theory approaches Post war theory of development.  Origins: US 1950s and 1960S Way to explain development in the West. By the end of the Cold War modernization theory was the main  way of explaining dev’t. Why? Decolonization Cold War They wanted a way of explaining development and also provide a way of getting them out of their  underdeveloped situation so they can enter the capitalist world  Assumptions 1. Development Dev’t is aprocess of becoming.  Process of transition, undergo a series of changes that eventually  makes them prosperous and developed. Unidirectional.  The process consists of going from undeveloped, backwards, traditional to modern and  developed. It works in one direction, forwards. Its progressive.  Progressive.  A normative bias. To become developed it’s a preferred thing. To be undeveloped its bad, to  be modern is good. You shift from a state that is undesirable to something that is better and ideal. The more  you move progressive an
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