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Lecture 2

POLI LECTURE 2 - Jan 16.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 279
Professor
Mark Baron
Semester
Winter

Description
THE TERM GLOBAL SOUTH (CONT) 01/16/2014 Thursday, January 16, 2014 Yet, despite this heterogeneity, the states of the South shared a number of characteristics that welded  together into a “basic unity” with a “shared identity” Most states of the South lagging significantly behind those in terms of prosperity and progress.  Most of the people of the South are impoverished and locked in an ongoing battle against malnutrition,  disease, low life expectancy and high infant mortality rates, This compounded by a lack of medical and  sanitation infrastructure as well as shortages of medical professionals. Most peoples in the South have inadequate access to education own to a lack of educational infrastructure  and professionals.  Most economies of the South are weal and vulnerable. Despite advances in the manufacturing, industrial,  and service sectors, most states in the South continue to depend in the export demand and prince­sensitive  primary products and natural resources. In addition, ill­health and low education levels contribute to low  productivity.  “circular and cumulative causation” (Gunnar Myrdal): low living levels reinforce low productivity and low  productivity reinforces low living levels.  Most states in the South experience high rates of population growth and high “dependency burdens” Unlike  the North were reproduction was actually declining.  The more this states are unable to provide for their  populations the more poor and unstable they get.  Most states of the South are susceptible to external pressures and devoid of “effective or “de facto”  sovereignty. North controls the patterns and terms of the trade between the North and the South. North dictates the terms by which technology, foreign aid, and private capital are transferred to the South.  (i.e. World Bank and IMF conditionally) Some people are quite reluctant to the term “south” because it refers to the southern hemisphere, whic
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