Characteristics of an Autocracy:
Regimes that have no meaningful political competition
o Some on the surface has political competition but isn’t
actually functioning or meaningful
No meaningful political accountability
o Those who govern don’t necessarily govern with the
consent of the governed.
No meaningful constraint on political power
Just as internally differential as democratic regimes. (neoclassical
Two main forms of autocracy:
o Official ideology conforms to ideology. Directs the
way in which these leadership groups actually exercise
their power. Legitimizes their power and why those who
govern are governing and why everyone should
subscribe to the rule that these leaders exercise.
Revolutionary particular process of change,
rare events because they occur only under
exceptional circumstances. Imbedded with
antagonism. Any idea set that is distinguishable
from this ideology is completely unacceptable.
Everyone is society has to think the same way.
o Concentration of power
Totalitarian party monopolizes power.
Eliminates all other oppositional groups that could
actually contest for the power.
Monistic are not monolithic (implies these
parties are homogeneous) (because these
parties are not monolithic, they must be
treated politically and not apolitically) There
is only one center where power is