History and Development of IR
THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE FIELD
What have been the key developments in the field?
o Most important elements and events
o Biggest challenge: Separation from events and ideas
o Events strongly impact ideas.
Understanding of History
From a field experience you need to go to understand.
Dominated by dominate powers
o Dominated by American literature – partly because after
the second WW they were in a position to vastly expand
their university systems. Normative required ndsire to
help the individuals who participated in the 2 WW.
o Has only recently begun to re-examine non-European
Focused on “Great” Events
o Do you look at great events or cumulative small events?
o Wars, events that shake societies eg. Rise and Fall of
Roman Empire, 100 years war, WW1, WW2, Greek
Establishment of Cycles
o Rise and fall of empires
o War and Peace
Impact of Ideas
o Rise and impact of Christianity/Islam
Christianity - effort to move away from a
pleonastic religious orientation to a mono
Religion as ideas
o Rationality; enlightenment
Cro-Magnon versus Neanderthal
Arrival of the Empires
Middle East/India – River Systems
o Tigris; Nile; Indus
Ch‟in and Hans Dynasty
Why? Level of Technology
o Issue – assumption within the historical overview that
the development of technology is continuous and
inevitable. Thinking that is imbedded.
Capability of War
o Outward control
Ability to Control – Power and/versus Ideas
Limits of Distance
o No one has ever been truly a world empire
Need to Organize
Rise of the State
Peace of Westphalia 1648
o Identified as the point in time in our history in which
the concept of a modern day state is created.
o Treaty – about a series of ongoing wars within Europe.
(Territorial, some religious against catholic church)
Europe had suffered a series of wars/devastating
o Wars leading to major elements.
o Ultimate impact two major things. 1. Recognizing
there are boundaries between the various people. Prior
the Peace of Westphalia, issues of political and religious
control disregarding boundaries. 2. The individual rulers
of the states have sovereign power over their people.
Separates from Church to territorial states.
Separated control of Holy Roman Empire
o Kingly/Pope States Territorial States
Majority of analysts say the reason why it‟s the Europeans is
because the Europeans dominated in military and technology
during the time which means they could take the concept and
move the variant of it internationally.