POLI 201 Lecture 3: POLI SCI 201 –Lecture 3

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Published on 31 Jan 2017
Course
POLI SCI 201 Lecture 3
Ideology
A value or belief system that is accepted as fact or truth by some
group. It is composed of a set of attitudes towards the various
institutions and processes of a society. It provides the believer with a
picture of the world both as it is and as it should be, and in so doing, it
organizes the tremendous complexity of the world into something
fairly simple and understandable
Can be broken down into 4 separate functions:
Explanatory: why are things as they are?
Evaluative: how should I judge situation?
Orientate: where should I situate myself? what nation I
belong to?
Programmatic: what should I do? about doing things
Who has an ideology?
Intellectuals, lawyers, politicians, journalists
The ordinary person does not express a comprehensive ideology
No one can be ideology-free, not anybody lacks an ideology, it more
like to fragmented
Example: conserves views on one subject, liberal view on another
subject and socialist on another
Antoine de Tracey 18th century French thinker, argued ideology had 3
features:
1. Links to logic, politics, and psychology together with simple
propositions backed by observation
2. Intellectuals discovers truths, and leaders listen and implement
3. That the proposition are coincident with science and history
Napoleon thought ideology was/could be dangerous
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2
Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
Ideology as sets of ideas that animate society that conflict with the
real drivers of human life: economic considerations
Ideology mere theory, whereas economic materialism was scientific
The dismissive attitudes often given to ideology stems from Marx &
Egels’s ie of it
Treat ideology as a neutral term, is political ideas in action, ideology is not
real in a physical sense. People who have ideas and how to implement them
are what exist. what be covered in class will be modern, mostly secular
and focused on reform
Right, Left, Centre
Came from the French revolution & national assembly
Those who sat on the right of the chair believed in preserving the
regime and king
Those ho sat o the left of the hai elieed i the people’s
sovereignty and removing the king
Those seated in between were non-committal
What the origins meant
What does right mean? Being blue because conservatism
Against the equalization of property, thought this was dangerous
(private property wanted). Example: taxation vs no redistribution
Against large government interference with material conditions
Sympathetic to hierarchy, tradition, custom (ranks, history of our
family, dangerous to throw the pass away)
Sympathetic to religion (what is good, evil?)
Major ideologies that correspond: conservatism, liberalism (to a
degree)
What does left mean?
Supportive of property equalization (sharing the land equally)
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Supportive of government interference in markets (taxes, free
education)
Skeptical of tradition, custom, and hierarchy (just because it happened
does’t ea that it’s ipotat
Revolutionary in approach to politics (change)
Ideologies that correspond: socialism, liberal (to a degree)
Left/right approach to equality
Far left: equality of conditions (similar education, healthcare, equality
of lifestyle)
Moderate left: equality of opportunity (public education)
Centre: equality of right (right to vote, politics, speech, under the law)
Moderate right: equality of right (& opportunity)
Far right: aristocracy and hierarchy (equality is dangerous &
unscientific)
Left/right approach to government
Far left: maximum role for government (equal for all)
Moderate left: significant role for government ($ of milk, taxation)
Centre: consistent role for government (regulations and have some
control and freedom)
Moderate right: occasional role for government (more freedom and
less control)
Far right: significant role for government (strong role for who you can
marry, abortion, pray to)
Anarchists: minimal role for government (hating for government)
Multidimensional
Quadrant 1: NDP, Obama
Quadat : Kei O’Leay, Lieals
Quadrant 3: Pope Francis (equality of wealth)
Quadrant 4: conservatives, Stephen Harper
Social conservative being on bottom & social liberalism on top
X axis: on economics
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