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PSYC 353 - Relationships.docx

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University of Calgary
PSYC 353
Rose Joudi Kadri

PSYC 353 – March 10, 2014 Relationships Food for thought: - How do you know when you are really in love? Will this love last forever? - Would you care for your parents (or in-laws) if they became severely disabled or demented? o What factors might influence your decision? If you look at adulthood and a person’s overall life satisfaction, it is directly connected to social networks and friends. What/Who is a friend? - Three broad themes underlie adult friendships o Affective or emotional basis  This includes self-disclosure, expressions of intimacy, appreciation, affection, and support.  Based on trust, loyalty, and commitment o Shared or communal nature  Friends participate in or support activities of mutual interest  Could be kids, living in the same neighborhood, values, spiritual, same profession or workplace, etc. o Sociability and compatibility  Friends keep us entertained and are sources of amusement, fun, and recreation - Sex differences in young adulthood are the most common, because young adults have more friends at that point than any other point in their life. - Age differences in friendship o Young adults tend to have more friends and acquaintances than any other age group o Friendships in old age are especially important for maintaining life satisfaction o This is possibly due to socio-emotional selectivity  Younger people have different or underdeveloped goals – they seek information at this age, so they increase their exposure to other people - Gender differences in friendship o Men tend to have fewer friendships than women o Men’s friendships tend to be based on shared activities o Women’s friendships are based on intimate emotional sharing o Cross-gender friendships tend to be very difficult to maintain  This is true more when you grow older  Can be due to jealousy as well, as personal relationships can pose an issue Sibling Relationships - Five types of sibling relationships have been identified (Gold & Colleagues 1990) - Based on four dimensions: Closeness, Involvement, Contact and Resentment/Envy o Congenial – high closeness, high involvement, average contact, low resentment o Loyal – average on closeness, involvement, contact, low on resentment o Intimate – high c, high I, high contact, low resentment o Apathetic – low on all (closeness, involvement, contact, resentment) o Hostile – low closeness, high involvement, low contact, high resentment - Stats Canada found that over 80% of Canadian older people have siblings or sibling relationships - Loyal and congenial relationships describe nearly 2/3 of all older sibling pairs (blood siblings) - Sibling ties among sisters tend to be the strongest - Rise in remarriage has led to more stepsibling relationships – completely different dimensions - Study in 2008 - older people are more likely to support/be supported by their sibling than when they were younger. Love as a Relationship - Love underlies one of the most important relationships in life – spouse or partner - Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love o Main ingredients:
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