was the father of biological crime and deviance.
dugdale and the jukes
1877 dugdale studied the juke family, who was impressed by the number of blood relatives in
prison. studied over 150 years of family info and found that crime/poverty were inherited. after all
the facts, it seemed accurate that genetics had an effect on deviance.
criticized by samuel adams who noted similar rates of deviance are found in a respectable family.
this suggests deviants are found in all kinds of families.
all families have criminals/deviance far back enough!
if we do find higher rates. how do we attribute this?
more opportunities to conform
goddard and the kallikaks
a respectable soldier in the american revolution had an affair with a feebleminded barmaid. she
had a child. he abandoned the barmaid and had a child with a good girl. the feeble minded side
had deviant children and the good girl had only good kids.
hardly a model of objective research. the dice were loaded against the poor! there was difficulty
finding unbiased records. intelligence testing was subjective.
doctored photos of the kallikaks made them look darker, gave children a blank stare
believed everyone has 3 components to their personality
1. Id instinctual energies.
2. Superego inculcation of society's norms
3. Ego in between, balancing act.
stable along life course. mind is in conflict between deep desires, the id and the superego.
the id wants stuff, the superego says no we need to be good. the ego balances these demands
eg miniwheats. frosting is id, wheat side is superego. together its the ego! an overly strong id may lead to a life of crime. these people do not have the personality to resist
temptations that present themselves. these are the class clowns in high school.
by contrast, what are we to make of the strict conformist? those with an overly developed superego
may not display a clear personality on their own. so concerned with what people think of them.
preconscious: that idea on the tip of your tongue
freud thought he could ascertain what you didn't know about yourself.
freud was an awesome writer. example, when waking up on the wrong side of the bed: because
there was no solution in your unconscious mind and you are angry.
...insulin induced comas...
pathological approach has little evidence to support it, some of its methods to fix people are
science tells us we have to ante up the data! with freud, he has no data. therefore no research
design to prove he is wrong. similar to disproving the existence of god.
problems with pathology
the approach promises much but delivers little. it often practices pol