Some maintain that the critical perspective of crime and deviance include any that are explicitly
Of course, this dichotomy results in an unwieldy collection of theories.
White, Haines and Wisler argue that critical theories compromise both structuralist and postmodern
approaches. They purport that there are fundamental differences between these perspectives and
others that examine capitalist exploitation and oppression.
Critical theorists incorporate much feminist and Marxist knowledge.
They developed in an age of profound uncertainty.
The hallmark of this period had been rapid change.
Concentration of wealth
Structuralism (lots of people crammed in rows)
Postmodernism (people on advanced buildings)
Structural critical criminologists examine the structure of exploitation and oppression.
Like Marxists, they maintain that capitalism is criminogenic. Exploitation of social groups includes
the negative effects of labeling.
This oppression is experienced on the basis of sex, “race”/ethnicity, and social class.
Only 7/660 pages of Taylor, Walton and Young’s The New Criminology were devoted to female
Structural critical criminologists believe that women are more vulnerable to state oppression.
Females are more likely to experience poverty. Since 1980, poverty rates for women have been ¼
higher than for men. Females earn about 2/3rds of what males earn
Not surprising, females are more likely to be involved in property crime than other types of crime.
Structuralism 2 Sex
Women are more likely to be sub