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Lecture 2

SOCI 333 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Positivism, Social Fact, Anomie


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 333
Professor
Dean Curran
Lecture
2

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"Wholist".*Examined*context.*
Structuralism:*Examining*parts*that*intend*to*be*independent,*but*are*parts*of*a*
whole
Opposed*Enlightenment*idea*of*a*single*"human*nature"-rather*(different*
societies*shape*different*individuals)
Credited*with*the*formalization*of*sociology
Clear*definition
Study*specific*objects*of*knowledge
Sociology*needed*to*be*come*a*positive*science,*using*methods*of*natural*
science
Contrasts*Weber:*based*on*interpretation*and*context
Method:
External:*you*did*not*create*them
Coercive:*Place*limits/constraints*on*behavior
External*&*Coercive
Emergence:*Society*as*a*whole*tends*to*create*social*facts
E.g.*language
Therefore,*deviance*is*socially*constructive,*crime*is*a*response*to*social*facts.*
(Durkheim*-logic*of*specifics)
Explore*efficient*cause/function*separately
Social*facts*influence*the*individual,*therefore*must*look*at*individual*
motivations
Social-Facts
Applying*sociological*method*to*what*could*be*considered*an*individual*
phenomenon
Levels*of*integration*+*anomie
Suicide
Smith*+*Marx*+*Durkheim
Anomie-must*have*set*moral*boundaries
Division*lf*Labour
Individuals*resemble*each*other*to*facilitate*cohesion
Structural*explanation*of*individual*beliefs
Mechanical*Solidarity
Based*on*division*of*labour
Indiviuals*must*be*different*-functional*differentiation*creates*interdependence
Organic*Solidarity
"universal/moral*individualism"
Value*of*the*individual*-not*egoism*
Social*product
Trend*towards*increasing*individualism,*cult*of*individual*is*the*remaining*part*
of*collective*conscious*
Cult*of*the*Individual
(2)$Durkheim$Review
Friday,*January*15,*2016
1:35*PM
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