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Lecture 1

AGR 2350 Lecture 1: AGR 2350

112 pages86 viewsFall 2016

Department
Agriculture
Course Code
AGR 2350
Professor
Vern Osborne
Lecture
1

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AGR 2350
Thursday, September 8, 2016
Animal Production Systems, Health and Industry
-Agricultures Future:
Viability based on these themes:
-Air
-Water
-Soil/Land
-Energy
-Labour
-Elixir's of life: Air, water, lighting/love
-Touch is an important asset humans have. Discipline is the most important human
trait required for caring for animals
-Lecture Topics:
Poultry
Beef
Dairy
Swine
Sheep and Goats
Aquaculture
Equine
Pet Industry
Genetics
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AGR 2350
Thursday, September 8, 2016
Poultry
-The Poultry Industry:
Quota System
Egg production (layer) $295/unit (one laying hen for 52wk cycle)
Broiler $121/unit (13kg/year/unit, 4-6 cycles of broiler bird).
Turkey $10/kg
Cost varies only estimated
-Poultry: *IMPORTANT
Food Safety
-Density impacts health of the animal (large groups disease can spread fast)
Environment
-No more land is being made or available. Do not want farms in residential areas
-Vertical Farming may develop as a solution
Animal Welfare
-Group of animals means there will be a dominance hierarchy which can cause
dominance issues and lead to injury
-How animals are cared for and treated
-Living situation of some animals
Healthy Choices
FAWL
-Feed, air, water, litter
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AGR 2350
Thursday, September 8, 2016
-Poultry Processing:
Eggs:
-Eggs are collected and graded at a grading station, where they are packaged
and distributed
94 Facilities in Ontario
-Further processing takes place at 9 plants in Ontario
Poultry, like beef and pork, are slaughtered at both provincially and federally
inspected plants.
-21 federally inspected plants (can distribute throughout Canada)
-49 provincially inspected plants (can distribute within Ontario)
-Types of Chicken:
Roasted
Capon
Broiler/ Fryer
Cornish Game
-Length of Incubation for Eggs:
Approximately incubation periods for commonly hatched poultry are:
-Chicken 21 days
-Most Ducks 28 days
-Muscovy Ducks 33-35 days
-Turkey 28 days
-Most Geese 29-31 days
Fertile Eggs can be kept cold until needed and then once incubation begins the
embryo will start to develop. Male chicks are discarded (usually humanely) female
chicks are vaccinated and sometimes de-beaked. They are then sent to a a hoop
barn (or different set up) to grow. They are given drips for water and some sort of
feeding arrangement.
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