What is language?
→A form of communication that is a systematic set of arbitrary symbols passed on from
generation to generation
→semantic universality: what makes a language unique
How are languages studied?
→historical linguistics (study of language change)
→socio-linguistics (study of language as a cultural resource)
-All dialects are languages
→dialect: the way of speaking in a particular place
What is the relationship between language and culture(belief systems)?
→roots in the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
→language shapes thought
→people who speak different languages have very different thoughts
Productivity: the ability to communicate different messages efficiently
Arbitrariness: usually no connection between abstract sound symbols u