ANTH 1150 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Labeling Theory, Informal Social Control, Gentrification

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SOC*2070 Week 9 Mar. 14 2017
Continuation of week 8
Metal Illess: Thoas “heffs Laellig theor approah 1966
-Some behaviours get interpreted as mental illness (MI)
- “ptos = ere iolatios of soial ors residual rule reakig
E. people ho at ithdra, ho ule, or ho halluiate out of appropriate otet
- “ptos a e aused  other fators ehaustio, stress, et.
-Deviant internalizes MI label (he/she self-identifies)
-Encouraged to accept MI label and warned about not getting treatment
-Stress and stigmatized, he/she accepts the MI designation and becomes ill
-The entire psychiatry industry produces their own patients, proving that mental illness comes from the label
-‘eflets Leerts priar/seodar deviance
Insufficient evidence re: labelling leads to MI
Mental Illness: A Modified Labelling Theory Approach (Link et al. 1989)
-MI leads to devaluation and discrimination, people who are diagnosed will tell you that they are discriminated against,
stigmatized etc.
-Physicians know this, but also those who are ill are aware of this (lucid people)
-MI tend to manage stigma via secrecy, withdraw or aggressive educating of others
-These behaviours occur because the patient is aware that they are ot ieed  soiet as oral
-Strained relations with others leads to negative outcomes
-Demoralization: copare sores of those ho hae ee diagosed ad those ho haet; those ho haet ee
diagnosed typically score lower in demoralization
-Low self-esteem: do not view themselves as worthy
-Decreased quality of life
-Limited employment: there is still discrimination in workplaces about hiring mentally ill people
-Obtaining quality health care: health care professionals are not inclined to work with mentally ill
-Friendships: it is not uncommon for mentally ill to lose friends or have difficulty finding new friends
-Poor treatment adherence
Mental Illness: Stigma Management
-The discreditable, information, control, and passing as normal
-Information control is a key mechanism that people use to manage their deviant identity; selective on who and how they
reveal things such as their diagnoses or challenges
-Information control breakdown:
When information gets out people with mental health challenges become discredited they will (1) associate with
other people ho share the sae struggles,  assoiate ith people alled the ise people ho dot hae the
mental condition but they have demonstrated over time that they understand it and will support you)
-Stigma management requires dividing or sorting our social world
Mental Illness: Stigma Resisted
-Peggy Thoits (2011):
Not eeroe aages their stiga
“oe dot at it dealuig sese of self
o The person will say they are mentally ill but ensure that it does not define them
o Recognize that they are stigmatized but they will push against it so that they can live a more positive,
normal life
o Engaging others to change their understanding of MI
o Will correct someone who identifies a fact about their mental illness
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