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Week 9 Notes.docx

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ANTH 1150
Tad Mc Ilwraith

Week 9: Anthropology Film: Witchcraft Among the Azande -society that believes you are born into power -power to harm is called “mangu” -legal system A) legal case about adultery B) Sick wife A) resolution of adultery case Specialists- divinationmanipulation of objects -seek divine knowledge oracles= ways of communicating with supernatural Ex of divination: flipping a coin to make a decision Mancy: alomancy (ex. table salt thrown on table to make decision depending on where it lands), scapulancy (ex. looking at cracks in shoulder blades), gyromancy -Benge oracle used by Azande….it’s a poison oracle In the movie: 1) Look at relationship between witchcrafts, magic and oracles 2) don’t they get the answers they want? 3) explain witchcraft functionally 4) what on earth is going on in Banda’s house? Political Anthropology -etic framework Politics –culture defineduse of power in public and families A) Barker  decision making processes affecting community Vs. B) legal domains of life → social control → laws, norms Etic framework-Elman service -types of political organizations (institutions, procedures related to decision making, conflict resolution and social control) -different scale 2 Perspectives 1) Functionalism: -politics=social cohesion. About group → Malinowski, Durkheim 2) Processual Approach→politics from POV of actions, decisions -goal oriented -individuals -leaders, leadership 4 types of leadership/political organization 1) Band 3) Chiefdom 2)Tribe 4) State 1) Band -primarily foragers – iskut -oldest form of political organization -small groups of households, extended families -20 to 100 people depending on time of year -people are related to each other therefore there is an emphasis on getting along Week 9: Anthropology →sharing, generalized reciprocity -egalitarian groupsequal voice, food, standing Leadership: informal, temporary -part-time -headmen, headwomen -everyone has a chance to leaddepends on abilities, skills Influence: -ability to have people see it your way -achieve a goal by applying social pressure -socially recognized ability to lead -consensus builders In Canada, the word “band”= Indian Bandlegal term “a group of Indians” 2) Tribes -horticulturalists, pastoralists -could be thought of as a group of bands → shared language, territory, history, culture -kinship→ unilineal descent, ex. Clans -bigger groups several 100, few 1000 people in size -reciprocity, redistribution -Kawelka- Ongka and the Moka Leadership: -little more formal than in bands -recognized leaders by skills, hereditary leadership -part-time -generosity → calculated generosity -influence, authority →right to take action situational authority -no power, no force Maisin/Kawelka -big man/woman leadership → authority, generosity, personal leadership
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