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September 10, 2013 Vital Statistics and Historical Perspectives (I).docx

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University of Guelph
ANTH 2230
Satsuki Kawano

September 10, 2013: Vital Statistics and Historical Perspectives (I) September 10, 2013 2:32 PM  1st commentary on September 17  Quiz on September 19 o Have to identify 4 major islands and cities; now approximate populations and where they are  Vital statistics (I) o Total land area: 370,000 square kilometers, 3800 kilometers long (very long, consists of many islands, have to identify 4 major islands) o Land use: agricultural 13%, forests and fields 67%, dwelling area 5% o Mountainous area: approx 55% o Rainy season in June; important for rice cultivation o Consists of 6852 islands  Main islands o Hokkaido o Honshu o Shikoku o Kyushu  Major Cities (1000 people and over) o Tokyo (new capital) o Osaka o Nagoya  Old capital: Kyoto (don't need to know the location on map)  Population o 127 million (2013) (know this) o Population density: 343 persons per square kilometers (don't need to memorize this) o 22.5% in 12 major cities o Total fertility rate: 1.41 (2012)--> population declining o 65 years old and older: 24% (2012) o Life expectancy at birth: 86.41 (f), 79.94 (m) (2012)  Vital statistics (II) o Economy: 3rd largest economy in the world o Unemployment 4.3% (2012) o Political system  House of Representatives (Lower)  House of Councilors (Upper)  Liberal Democratic Party o "races" and ethnic groups  Majority Japanese--> were pure blooded  The Burakumin--> used to have impure occupations during pre-industrial (ie. Gravediggers, butchers)  Resident Koreans--> in Japan; Koreans used to be part of the empire, brought to work in Japan (ie. Mines)  Chinese  The Ainu--> indigenous people of Japan; slightly more pale skin  Brazilians--> of Japanese descent  Historical Perspectives o History summary chart o Part 1: the beginning of the Meiji Period (19th century)- present  The Fukazawa Reading: the end of the Edo/ Tokugawa period  The McCargo Reading: the Edo/ Tokugawa period to the American occupation o Part 2: Ancient Japan (130000 years ago)- the end of the Edo Period (19th century)  The Umesao Reading: the Edo Period  The End of Japan's Isolation Policy: the End of the Edo Period o Commodore Perry's fleet o Isolation policy was adap
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