ANTH 2230 / November 8, 2012 / Lecture Notes
- Spanish Colony
o Settler island: island where European travelers, settled and stayed.
- Us Intervention
o Cuba was under U.S. rule from 1888 to 1902
- Independence in 1902
o 1890’s war of Independence from Spain
o From 1902- 1950 Cuba was a playground for the very wealthy.
Had a thriving economy
Huge gaps between rich and poor
Racism was prevalent
- Castro 1959
o Cuba became a communist country and thus started a lot of problems.
A lot of wealthy Cubans left because of Castro
o Until 1990’s, Cuba had links with the Soviet Union
After the Cold War, Cuba has become very isolated.
Cuba’s GDP falls 35%
For the people, this time was known as Armageddon, but the government calls it
a “Special Period”
50% of the population was unemployed.
Domestic food production dropped 30%
- Embargos (Total Embargo)
o Lots of embargos against Cuba
As a result, poverty is widespread
However! Cuba has implemented lots of reforms to become self-sufficient
despite the burdening embargos (Agriculture, Medicine, etc.)
o Cubans get a subsidy for the nutritious essentials.