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Lecture 2

Lecture 1- Week 2.docx

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University of Guelph
ANTH 2660
Edward Hedican

Aboriginal Issues: Lecture 1- Week 2 2. Hudson’s Bay co. (mainly northern, Ie, Cree, Ojibwa, Dene) • Owned by British, due to the unimaginable resources there • Natives used as a trading post • Changed the social economical premise of the native peoples • First affected those in the area (local trade) soon became the largest fur trading post in the region. • Focus went from big game animals (dear, moose, etc.) to smaller game (beavers, etc.) • Hudson fur trade changed subsistence economy of the natives to an economic trading economy • Hudson Bay co. had to find new goods to trade • Hudson Bay co. brought in alcohol due to the people of the north due to them now having what they need • Important political alliances to trading that the natives viewed within the Hudson Bay co. • 1800’s large quantities of alcohol coming into the north, natives with no experience with the substance partied too much and less fur was coming in. (Alcohol had bad effects in the area, realized it was a bad idea) II. Emergence ofAnthropology in Canada 1. Franz Boas (1858-1942) (a) Central Eskimo (1880) (b) Kwakiutl ethnography (1897) • Boas- studied physics, from Germany • Went on an expedition to see the Inuit and decided to stay due to finding that the environment and culture took on a life of its own • Brought about the concept of Cultural relativism • Fought against racism, especially within the U.S. • St
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