ANTH 3650 Lecture Notes - Interior Plateau, Old Copper Complex, Lake Superior

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Little (or simply lack of evidence) material cultural property (poverty in this case) Cultural skills and institutions limited to those required for survival (in pursuit of game) Ranging from 8000bp until ad 1850s in some places. Defined interpretively (artifact varies, a single definition on basis of an artifact cannot be universally applied) Specific specialized tools and utensils for varied (new) subsistence base. Technologically more versatile and complex (then previous stages) Subsistence varied season to season, and tool inventory expanded. Ground stone woodworking tools : for forest environment (ax, wedge, gouge) Stone vessels : represent greater permanence of occupancy. Ground slate points and knives : polished, also shows permanency. Choppers and scrapers continue but drill first found in archaic. Bone, horn and ivory made into awls, perforators and needles : indicates basket mak- ing and skinworking. Evidence of marine prey : spears, gorges, hooks, harpoons, Shells : evidence of adornment and ornament. Copper and asphaltum new to archaic period.

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