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Martin Reading.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 3650
Professor
Edward Hedican

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ANTH*3650 EXTRA NOTES October 4, 2011 Initial Settlement of Canada in Prehistory Indo-European Migrations •In 2500 BC humans expanded out of the “homeland” in Eastern Europe ~What is now present day Iraq, Afganistan & Iran •The homeland was one speech community with one shared language •They spread quickly across Europe, then over to North America, through both West (Alaska) and East coasts Martin Article: The Discovery of America •Main argument: Humans wiped out the mega-fauna (mammoths, sloths, mastadons, giant beavers, etc.) ~Humans also grew and expanded with animal populations ~Humans hunted the largest animals they could find and when they couldn’t find it anymore, they went to the next largest •The mega fauna were wiped out quickly (and recently) ~Thought that humans went on a “killing rampage” •Killing spree may not have been ideal for groups because they needed to carry everything that they butchered •Article states that on average for a group of 24, 6 could be hunters (with 1 in 4 people per group killing), means that on average each group got about 5 mastodons per week (A LOT of game) •Controversy over the lack of kill sites ~Reasons for lack of may include -animals did not have a chance to adapt to the hunting styles of humans and could not fight back as easily -humans were very resourceful with animal parts and used as much as possible (ex. Fur for clothing, bones for weapons, structures, etc.) •Could also argue that humans may not be entirely responsible for the large fauna extinction ~There could be external factors (not including disease) -The ice age was ending and these faun
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