ANTH 3690 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Cargo Cult, Protestantism, Protestant Work Ethic

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Marx influence anthropologist will go look at egalitarian societies and find other alternatives: draws people to study anthropology as it allows us to make a critique on the societies we already live in or understand. Social inequalities are social constructions and anthropology can show the leveling mechanisms that cause these issues. August kant positivism: science of social life. Monestque believe peoples temperament were based of climate they came from. Marcel mouse concept of habitus: people have different ways of swimming and so on which he connected to culture. Claude levi straus (cid:862)the (cid:373)ost (cid:271)(cid:396)illia(cid:374)t a(cid:374)d o(cid:396)igi(cid:374)al thi(cid:374)ke(cid:396) of the 20th (cid:272)e(cid:374)tu(cid:396)y(cid:863) structural/post structural anthropology. Durkheim the increasing division of labour creates an increasing complex society. In the foraging societies there was mechanic solidarity extreme conformity, meaning, no room for individual expression or creativity (on the midterm. O(cid:272)ial i(cid:374)e(cid:395)uality is te(cid:373)po(cid:396)a(cid:396)y (cid:271)e(cid:272)ause people (cid:449)ho a(cid:396)e(cid:374)"t fulfilled (cid:449)ill e(cid:448)e(cid:374)tually fit i(cid:374)to the spot they are best suited for.

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